Types of Asymmetric Wars

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11The history of wars is older than that of mankind. It is usually inevitable and its destructive effect is strong. There have been always wars in the world. The effect of war is not always visible. It is possible to classify wars in many ways. But I want to talk about asymmetric wars. One side has a big advantage over the others and it tactics for the weak include.  Asymmetric wars can be categorized into three groups according to how they are applied: guerrilla warfare, nonviolent warfare, and terrrorism.

Firstly, guerilla warfare is a type of combat that is fought by a civilian population or other people who aren’t part of a typical military unit. This application is based on hit and run. We can see it in a lot of countries. For example, the terorist organization PKK has been using it in Turkey or as al-Qaeda did in the USA and in the Middle East. Most of those who practice this tactic do not know the exact purpose. The result is ironic: the more repressive the military terrorism, the greater the number of moderates who come to sympathize with extremists and turn a blind eye to their murderous attacks—a vicious cycle sadly illustrated in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as well as conflicts in Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Chechnya, Indonesia, Northern Ireland, and elsewhere.

Secondly, non-violent warfare is possible but is not as preferable as the others. In contrast, nonviolent alternatives to war are still in their infancy. Though practiced since time immemorial, the technology and techniques of nonviolent action have only been systematically developed in the last century. Expenditures on nonviolent alternatives to war are only a few million dollars per year.

Finally, terrorism is the systematic use of violence to create a general climate of fear in a population and thereby to bring about a particular political objective. Terrorism has been practiced by political organizations with both rightist and leftist objectives, by nationalistic and religious groups, by revolutionaries. For example, A vehicle full of explosives is detonated as military buses pass by in Ankara. At least 28 are killed, 27 of whom are soldiers on February 17, 2016.

To conclude, we can group asymmetric wars into three types by tactic: guerilla warfare, nonviolent warfare, and terrorism. Wars mostly result from a conflict between two populations of drastically different levels of military capability or size. For someone with imaginary military service, the war may not seem so bad but as a citizen 0f the nation that does not run away from wars,  I agree about Ataurk’s saying ‘Peace at home, peace in the world’.

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